RSPO - Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil
Supporting RSPO certified sustainable palm oil

What is GreenPalm?

GreenPalm operates the RSPO (Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil) Book and Claim supply chain option. The supply chain option is one of four provided by the RSPO to either support or use certified palm oil and palm kernel oil. 

RSPO supply chain certification is valid for organisations passed the palm oil mill.

Book and Claim / B&C (GreenPalm)


GreenPalm is a certificate trading programme that allows manufacturers and retailers to purchase one GreenPalm certificate from an RSPO certified grower for each tonne of palm oil used. 

This means that there is no guarantee that the end product contains certified sustainable palm oil, but this option directly supports RSPO certified growers and farmers. It also allows organisations to support sustainable palm oil instantly despite complicated supply chains or the use of complex palm and palm kernel fractions and derivatives. 

RSPO claim: Supporting, GreenPalm logo.


Identity Preserved / IP


Certified sustainable palm oil is physically separated from other certified and non-certified palm oil throughout the supply chain, i.e. from the RSPO certified mill through to the end user.

The end user is able to trace the certified sustainable palm oil back to a specific single mill and its supply base (plantations). This level of traceability is costly, and is mainly used for high-end organic products.  

RSPO claim: Using certified oil, RSPO contains trademark 

Segregated / SG


Like the identity preserved option, certified sustainable palm oil is physically separated from non-certified palm oil throughout the supply chain. However, the end user is only able to trace the certified sustainable palm oil back to a group of possible mills and their supply bases (plantations).

This option guarantees that the end product contains certified sustainable palm oil, but it can be expensive to keep certified and non-certified palm oil separate throughout the supply chain, particularly through various complex fractionation and blending processes.

RSPO claim: Using certified oil, RSPO contains trademark 

Mass Balance / MB


Certified sustainable palm oil and non-certified palm oil is mixed to avoid the costs of keeping the two separate. The refinery is only allowed to sell the same amount of Mass Balance palm oil as the amount of certified sustainable palm oil purchased.

This means that there is no guarantee that the end product contains certified sustainable palm oil. However, this option supports certified sustainable palm oil through mixing, and the oil is consumed somewhere by someone. 

RSPO claim: Supporting, RSPO mixed trademark. 



The complex physical palm / palm kernel oil supply chain



The complex palm oil supply chain is one of the main reasons why the RSPO operates a Book and Claim supply chain. Our infographic maps the palm oil supply chain. This physical supply chain spans numerous countries, markets, manufacturers and farmers/growers. 

Find out more: How GreenPalm works

Associated Downloads:
RSPO Sustainable Palm & Palm Kernel Oil - Cost & Complexity of Segregation
Infographic showing an overview of the complexity of the palm and palm kernel oil supply chain.
RSPO graphic Book & Claim Supply Chain Model
RSPO graphic showing the Book & Claim Supply Chain Model.
RSPO graphic Identity Preserved Supply Chain Mode
RSPO graphic showing Identity Preserved Supply Chain Mode
RSPO graphic Segregated Supply Chain Model
Graphic showing RSPO Segregated Supply Chain Model
RSPO graphic Mass Balance Supply Chain Model
RSPO graphic showing Mass Balance Supply Chain Model
Oil Palm Fractions & Derivatives
Infographic showing the complexity of palm and palm kernel fractions & derivatives. Learn more about the refining process. What does fractionation do? What is Palm Stearin used for?
Oil Palm Fractions & Derivatives
Infographic showing the complexity of palm and palm kernel fractions & derivatives. Learn more about the refining process. What does fractionation do? What is Palm Stearin used for?
RSPO Rules on Market Communications & Claims
This document replaces the RSPO Rules on Communications & Claims adopted by the RSPO Executive Board on 31 March, 2011
GreenPalm guide to support or use RSPO certified palm oil
Download guide explaining the four RSPO supply chain options: book and claim which is run by GreenPalm, identity preserved, segregated and mass balance.