Palm oil fresh fruit bunches (FFBs)
Fresh fruit bunches like the one you can see in the picture above grow on the tree and are harvested, then transported to a palm oil mill.
The mill process extracts the palm oil from the flesh of each individual piece of fruit contained on the bunch. The palm kernel, the nut found in the centre of each piece of fruit, is extracted and sent to a palm kernel crushing mill. The oil is extracted from the kernel.
The pulp left over from this process is pressed together, forming palm kernel cake or expeller. These processes extract three major palm products: palm oil, palm kernel oil and palm kernel expeller.